In Jeldu approximately 90% of the population depend on agriculture. Deforestation and erosion create a significant problem, as they render large areas unusable for agriculture. Soil is unfertile and natural springs are running dry. Although efforts were frequently made in the past to reforest the country, the population lacked knowledge and saplings, large numbers of which are needed for this purpose. Mostly potatoes and grains are cultivated in the region. Vegetables or fruit are to all intents and purposes unavailable, a fact that manifests itself in severe deficiency symptoms.
The main challenges in Jeldu:
every second person has no access to clean drinking water. In Seriti Catchment 1 out of 10.
With 66% kerosene is the main source of light, followed by diesel (11%) and candles (4%)
17% of population suffer from the eye infection trachoma
Every second childbirth takes place at home and every second baby is not examined after birth
Based on the principle of “help for self-help”, Menschen für Menschen implements measures together with the local population, which participates in all projects. Previous experiences in the neighboring regions of Abune Ginde Beret and Ginde Beret flow into the project work to the benefit of everyone involved.
In order to create a basis for further measures and long-term development, activities are initially implemented in the areas of agriculture, water and health.
During the first project stage (2017-2019) development measures are being implemented in the Seriti Catchment. The Seriti Catchment comprises seven districts (Kebeles) of the Jeldu region and is home to around 52,000 inhabitants, one fifth of the total population of Jeldu.
Planned by the end of 2019
Increase of income by 10% for 6,000 households through agricultural trainings, allocation of improved seeds and improvement of livestock farming.
Inclusion of young adults in the value added chain through the funding of co-operatives for honey production, the production of apple tree seedlings, and local chicken breeding.
Increase terraced area from currently 280 km to 1,330 km to fight erosion and increase yield.
Extensive reforestation areas covering a total surface of 60 ha. The closure of erosion trenches with a total length of 24 km.
Reduce workload of women and reduce demand of wood by distributing 3,000 wood saving stoves.
Increase access to clean drinking water from 9.8% to 29.8% through the construction of 29 wells and spring developments.
Increase access to proper sanitation from 15.3% to 65.3% of population by setting up latrines for 1,350 households.
Reduce diseases from 11.6 to 2% by building sanitation facilities, improving access to potable water and providing hygienic training.
Increase contraceptive acceptance rate from current 50% to 75%.
In addition to the above we implement measures in the area of agriculture, water and health. Based on the principle “help for self-help” we implement comprehensive measures for the long-term development of the region in cooperation with the local population.
Deforestation and erosion are among the main challenges in Jeldu. Erosion can be arrested through measures aimed at protecting and structuring the soils – e.g. through reforestation, filling erosion ditches or creating terraces. This makes the soil fertile again. Such measures are usually an important prerequisite for being able to tap sources for clean drinking water in the highly eroded areas, as this is the only way to allow the water table to rise again. For example, in the village of Dida:
Erosion ditches such as these near the village of Dida are found all over the new project area of Jeldu.
The source of the Woraba Daba lies at the foot of a slope. Two hundred households fetch their water here every day.
Bird’s-eye view of the Woraba Daba source. Before it can be used, the slope – and therefore the fertile soil – must be protected against further run-off.
Project leader Abayneh Mekkonen discusses with the villagers how they can help with the terracing work and tapping the spring.
Under the direction of Menschen für Menschen, the villagers help to create terraces on the slope.
The population’s participation is particularly important for the continued existence of the projects and their further development.
A daily chore: The population of the village of Dida has taken a real step toward a better future by working on the terraces.
Through your donation, you will be helping to make further success possible in the Jeldu project region!