Since 2012 140,000 people have been benefitting from our work in this area
Project status: ongoing, since 2012
The region of Abune Ginde Beret
In early 2012 we started work in the Austrian project area of Abune Ginde Beret. 140,000 people live in this remote region west of Addis Ababa, which is about half the size of the Austrian state of Vorarlberg.
Area: 1,360 km² Population: approx. 140,000 Regional capital: Bake Kalate Location: approx. 170 km northwest from Addis Ababa in the West Shewa Zone. Between 1,000 (lowland) and 2,500 metres (highland) above sea level.
Hillsides lined with yellow Meskel flowers such as these are beautiful to look at. But, as in the neighbouring region of Ginde Beret, the valley situated a little lower down the hill is difficult to access. Escarpments and impassable terrain hinder access to medical or educational facilities. Impassibility causes many villages to be literally cut-off from development.
The majority of the population in Abune Ginde Beret lives from agriculture. Due to continuing erosion, irregular rains and decreasing soil fertility yields are often too low. The lack of clean drinking water and poor medical care pose a significant problem. As in the neighbouring region of Ginde Beret the eye infection trachoma is also common in Abune Ginde Beret.
The main challenges in Abune Ginde Beret at the start of our work in 2012 (extract):
4 of 5 people had no access to clean drinking water
Every second child under the age of ten suffered from the eye infection trachoma
With 74% kerosene is the main source of light at night followed by wood (24%) and electricity (2%)
Erosion and deforestation make wide areas unusable for agricultural production
Based on the principle of “help for self-help”, Menschen für Menschen implements measures together with the local population, which participates in all projects. In Abune Ginde Beret, we profit from the experiences already had in the neighboring region of Ginde Beret. The population was already familiar with our work and we were able to get started right away.
Bundle of measures from all areas of life
In each of the following areas combined in the “integrated approach to rural development”, Menschen für Menschen carries out in-depth evaluations, on the basis of which its sets targets within the framework of 3 or 5-year plans:
Additionally to the measures listed below Menschen für Menschen implemented further measures within the “integrated approach to rural development” as the objective is to develop entire project regions in a sustainable way. For instance building up infrastructure is essential for being able to carry out these measures and for developing remote regions. Therefore 282 km of access roads have been built in Abune Ginde Beret since 2012.
77 nurseries established
12 million distributed tree seedlings
2,632 km laying out of terraces and stone or earth walls
620 ha large-scale reforestation areas
12,301 wood-saving „green“ stoves distributed
586 modern beehives distributed
116 water points (pump wells and tapped springs)
10 water reservoirs for irrigation
16 new schools
25,369 participants in literacy campaign
2,618 eye surgeries (Trichiasis and cataract)
802 members of anti-AIDS-clubs
35 health stations equipped with solar refrigerator (up to 31.12.2017)
79,208 women who received contraceptives (contraceptive pill, injectable depot contraceptive, contraceptive implants)
Income and human development
2,075 women participated in a commercial course and received a microcredit
5,786 participants in housekeeping training measures (hygiene, health, vegetable farming)
80 participants in handicraft training courses (pottery, weaving, embroidery)
600 women are being given the opportunity participate in the microcredit loan program
632 women have passed a commercial course and are in receipt of a microcredit loan
600 km of rock and earth walls for soil conservation and combating erosion
829 km of terraces, stone and earth walls constructed
270 hectares of reforestation areas
230 hectares of eroded land were turned into reforestation areas
Construction of 45 km of access roads
140 km of access roads created
The number of people who pursue active family planning through contraception is being increased; Plan: 15,700 users of contraception
40,257 women who use contraception, such as the pill, 3-month injections or Implanon (3 years)
General trachoma campaign (2012-2016)
Annual treatment and prophylaxis of the eye infection trachoma for at least 80% of the registered population by the end of 2016
2012: 94% achieved
114.565 people registered
107.660 people treated
2013: 97% achieved
119,310 people registered
115,731 people treated
2014: 98% achieved
123,474 people registered
121,572 people treated
2015: 98.6% achieved
120,378 people registered
118,693 people treated
2016: 98% achieved
121,101 people registered
119,114 people treated
Over and above these specific measures, all activities are implemented within the scope of the “integrated approach to rural development” in order to secure nutrition throughout the region for the long term.
Exemplary progress for the region after the first project phase (2012-2014):
The construction of 41 wells and spring tappings in Abune Ginde Beret in the first project phase increased access to clean water from 16% to 28%:
Dagamu watering hole in Abune Ginde Beret:
330 households, i.e. almost 2,000 people, get their water here; the seasonal spring is heavily polluted, cattle wade through the rivulet.
In the vicinity of the seasonal spring, Menschen für Menschen built two hand-pump wells together with the population. The water is clean and protected.
Effect of our measures: Beyond the numbers
Example of the water supply
The work done in our project regions focuses not only on purely quantitative success but also on how the measures further impact on the region’s population. Taking the water supply as an example, this means that the construction of wells near the villages in the first phase increases access to clean drinking water in the region. Among other things, this has a positive impact on the everyday lives of women, who no longer have to spend so much time fetching water from far-off springs. They can use this time productively by attending a course on home economics, which in turn has a positive effect on the living conditions of the entire family.
Evaluation of the first project phase
As in the neighboring region, the project wok in Abune Ginde Beret was also evaluated after the first project phase for its relevant, effectiveness, efficiency and impact. The evaluation was carried out in October 2014 by the consultancy organization FAKT on behalf of Menschen für Menschen.
The goal was to analyze the project work as a whole against the background of regional circumstances on the one hand and analyze it against international standards on the other. For this purpose, the evaluation team inspected infrastructure measures, conducted interviews with project leaders and with representatives of the rural district. In addition, a workshop was held with the beneficiaries of the measures in order to verify their efficiency and relevance for the population.
Observations of the following criteria also flowed into the evaluation:
Relevance of the activities for the population
Effectiveness – in terms of the achievements (output) and direct impacts (outcome)
Higher-lever impact in terms of development policy (impact)
Efficiency – relationship between financial input and output
Sustainability of the activities
In summary, all criteria were rated as high and the organization confirmed as doing good work. The evaluation identified the positive impact of the measures on a large number of areas of life and the good interaction of the development measures in favor of improving the living conditions of the people.
Specific objectives which we would like to achieve together with the population were also formulated for the second phase of the project. The plan in Abune Ginde Beret is to implement measures in the various areas by the end of 2017 in order to achieve the following improvements for the people of the region (extract from the 3-year plan: 2015-2017):
Increase crop yields by at least 10% for local micro-farmers.
320 hectares of land are being reforested and 30 km of erosion ditches filled, which will increase the total area of forest by 0.5%.
The water supply will be increased from 28% to 53%, i.e. 6 in 10 people have access to clean drinking water ( 2012: 2 in 10).
Six new schools are being built and equipped, and a further three renovated.
The vaccination rate among children in the region will be increased from 73% to 85% (according to the Expanded Programme on Immunization of the World Health Organization).
1,050 women and their families will profit from having their own income as a result of participating in the microcredit loan program.
Since 2012 we implement comprehensive measures for the long-term development of the region in cooperation with the local population.
With the RED CHAIRity initiative we have found a reliable partner whose unparalleled commitment ensures funding of the first two project phases. We want to thank RED CHAIRity for their trust in our work and substantial support.
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